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‘To Come and Prove their Property’
'One William Mooney'

January 31, 1753.

September 6, 1753

The Pennsylvania Gazette

Chester, August 31, 1753.

There is now in the goal of Chester (taken up as a runaway) One William Mooney, about 21 years old, about 5 feet 7 inches high, smooth faced, his hair off, has neither wig nor cap:

has an old hat, blue camblet coat, and an old bearskin ditto, with metal buttons, check shirt, coarse trowsers, buckskin breeches, and old shoes and stockings;

says he came from the county of Meath, in Ireland; has been in the country six years, and severed four years to one George Croghan, six miles beyond John Harrisferry.

He has with him, when taken, A dark brown horse, about 8 or 9 years old, a star in his forehead, long switch tail, never docked, a brand on the near buttock, but so blind as not to be known what it is; an old saddle without housings, and an old snaffle bridle.

Whoever the said Mooney, or the said horse, may belong to, are requested to come and prove their property, otherwise he will be sold out to pay costs. SAMUEL SMITH, Goal keeper.


In the words of Samuel Smith, William Mooney is property, plain and simple and will be sold whether his owner claims him or not. Yesterday, I read seven articles on line concerning Washington’s slaves and servants—all written by blacks on the subject of slavery, dismissing the fact that servants and slaves were all referred together by Washington as “stable people, who lived in the stable with the animals. Our modern assumption is that the notion of White Supremacy would somehow metaphysically makes this experience better for the whites than the black. It is plain from the above add and others that white servants were regarded as mere property with no human rights.

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