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'Whoever Takes up the Said White Man'
The Original Defiant Ones—The Irish-Negro Link, Gazette (Rind), Williamsburg, August 1, 1771.

RUN away on the 16th of June last from the subscriber, living on Marsh Creek, York county, Pennsylvania, an Irish servant man, named DAVID CLARK, by trade a woolcomber and tobacco spinner, about 4 feet 7 or 8 inches high, has a large long nose, and loves drink.

Had on when he went away, a coarse blue jacket, with broad white metal buttons.

He was committed to Alexandria prison, in Fairfax county, Virginia, but broke gaol, in company with a Negro fellow [1], about 5 feet 4 or 5 inches high, well set and went by the name of Wills Jones, but has since confessed his name to be Charles, and says he belongs to Brett Randolph, Esq; and came from Cumberland county, where Bernard Markham is overseer, on the first of January last.

The said Negro has a large scar on the left side of his forehead, and a small one over his left eye, has been severely whipped. [2] He had on an old fustian jacket, an oznabrig shirt, black stocking breeches, brown yarn stockings, and a pair of old shoes, with brass buckles; he had a wallet, containing a pair of old blue cloth breeches, with white buttons, and much patched, a light coloured camblet coat, with black shalloon lining, black buttons and binding.

It is probable that Clark may claim the said Negro, in order to entitle them to pass unmolested.

Whoever takes up the said white man, and brings him to the gaoler in Alexandria, shall have FORTY SHILLINGS Pennsylvania currency reward, and all reasonable charges, paid by ALEXANDER RAMSAY.


1. Numerous Virginia gazette articles claim that Irish servants had abetted negroes in their bid for freedom.

2. Wound to the Left side of the head and face indicate that this unreasonable negro fought against being whipped. 18 of all twenty blows struck in human confrontations are struck with the right hand to the left side of the person being attacked.

Stillbirth of a Nation: Caucasian Slavery in Plantation America: Part One

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