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‘He Will Pass for a Reaper’
Another Military Veteran Escapes from his Civilian Master

July 17, 1766

The Pennsylvania Gazette

RUN away from the Subscriber, living in Little Britain Township, Lancaster County, an Province of Pennsylvania, on the 10th inst. July,

an Irish Servant Man, named Patrick Campbell, about 20 Years of Age, 5 Feet 9 Inches high, has a down Look, stoop shouldered, with his Hair tied, some old Scars on his Temple, is a middling good Scholar, [1] speaks with the Brogue,

had on, when he went away, an old Hat, a short blackish Coat, with small Lappels, and no Lining in it, two Shirts, one of which he made use of for a Wallet, long Ozenbrigs Trowsers, Stockings, and Shoes, without Buckles;

he had a Sickle with him, and it is thought he will pass for a Reaper;

he informed me he was in the King Service in Ireland and Portugal. [2]

Whoever takes up said Servant, and secures him, so as his Master may have him again, shall have Three Pounds Reward, and reasonable Charges, paid by JAMES JOHNSTON.


1. The educational level of the runaways seems to have increased after the end of the Seven Years War. One dynamic was the ability to forge a slave pass.

2. Throughout the 1600s, 1700s and into the Napoleonic Era, Great Britain and Portugal had a close military alliance, with the Portuguese army being trained and even officered by British soldiers, while, at the same time, their perennial British enemy, Spain, employed Irish mercenaries itching to strike a blow at the nation that raped their homeland.

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