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‘By Trade a Gardiner’
The Lowest of the low is On the Run in Plantation America

September 3, 1767

The Pennsylvania Gazette

Uwchland township, Chester county, August 28, 1767.

RUN away last night, from the subscriber, a native Irish servant man, named Patrick Brown, lately arrived from Ireland in the snow Sarah, Captain Taylor,

by trade a gardiner, is of a fair complexion, looks sickly, having had the ague for some time past, is a thick well set fellow, about 5 feet 7 or 8 inches high, wears his hair tied behind:

Had on an old fine linen shirt, blue jacket, without sleeves, a frize jacket, [1] of a grey colour, striped ticken breeches, [2] yarn stockings, good shoes, with brass buckles, and a half worn hat.

Whoever takes up and secures said servant, so as his master may have him again, shall have FORTY SHILLINGS reward, and reasonable charges, paid by DENNIS WHELEN.


1. A Middle English term for a coarse woolen, plain weave cloth. In the period under question indicted a woolen garment with a long normally uncut nap.

2. Unable to define this term, citation please.

So Her Master May Have Her Again

A History of Runaway White Slaves in Plantation America: Part Two

Add Comment
Sam J.August 4, 2017 4:59 AM UTC

"[2] yarn stockings"

These people were plain people so it must mean a large coarse thread...yarn. Yarn is what Women make baby booties and stuff with. Pot holders, etc.
LaManoAugust 2, 2017 1:12 PM UTC

"Ticken" breeches is the same word as "ticking" associated with mattresses. "Ticking" is the heavy blue-and-white striped cotton material that was used for bedding, now and then ....